How to choose best processor? How many cores necessary for modern processor – 2, 4, 8, and it always means more faster? What better processors – Intel or AMD? Should I choose a processor only on the frequency and what is still dependent on its performance? When enough built-in processor graphics?
In this article you will find answers to these and other questions, as well as specific models of the best processors in 2016 the ratio of performance and price
Choosing CPU manufacturer do this, it would seem very easy, as their only two – Intel and AMD. But not enough – it does not mean easy, since both manufacturers have both pluses and minuses. The leader of sales by a considerable margin is invariably Intel for several reasons (more modern production technology, high-performance top-end models, efficiency, good publicity), but AMD strong position in the public sector and the average person because of the low price and good performance processors for embedded graphics. Fans and foes both producers inscribed with thousands of pages on the web templates phrases such as “Intel produces the best processors” or “AMD is still better”, but do not trust this noise and the choice of the processor should be guided only by comparing the test results and the actual price.
Reliability processor technology and production of modern processors can be called close to perfection, because they fail for internal reasons, rarely, in the first six months, an average of 1-2 in 1000 (less inexpensive processors, powerful – most often). But these miserable failure rates can safely say that the processors – are very reliable devices and the units of the system output can be the result of not very smooth or too direct hand convolutions of some collectors, rather than a manufacturing defect.
Features modern processors in the value of all new processors it takes the lion’s share development and advertising – the work of engineers, designers and marketers, and direct production, especially in large batches, is from a few to tens of dollars. To reduce the cost of designing dozens of new models of processors, typically produced only a few types with built-in graphics cards, and the diversity is obtained after a successful or unsuccessful passing of various tests – trips or simplified graphics are disabled one or two cores, or the operating frequency decreases. Thus obtained, for example, such a strange and unnatural thing as a triple-core processor, for example.
Modernization and overclocking. As a rule, only a few are changing over time, your processor is more powerful, so when choosing a processor for your computer is to accept as a fact that you will not upgrade its ever. There are several reasons, but almost all of them rest on the insistence of manufacturers of processors, motherboards and other components to push you to buy a new system instead of upgrading old. The average lifetime of one computer and not so small (5 years or more), so it is best to choose a processor with some margin.
The idea of using the acceleration significantly speed a processor is attractive only at first glance, as a revolutionary breakthrough not all will achieve the same (increase in performance is not so high – 10-30%), but to spend money on an expensive cooling system and at risk of full output failure of the entire system from overheating or other causes is still necessary. Since in the current 2016 budget, even mid-level processors have a very good performance, the overclocking experiments often do not make sense. A good graphics card and a fast SSD-drive will give a much greater effect than the processor overclocked to a semiconscious temperature.
The common belief is that the more cores and higher frequency of the processor, the faster the computer is not quite correct, as the final performance (which also includes the operating system, the duration of loading and especially the “responsiveness” – the speed of the small operations such as opening a browser) depends on other factors, especially the type of hard drive – a classic HDD or significantly faster SSD. Therefore, in order to collect or buy a faster computer , it is not necessary to select for it is the best processor available, in most cases, a bunch of “good dual-core processor + fast SSD-disk to the system” is astounding, as for customers reviews for this computer is simple “flies” (except heavy games at maximum quality settings, as they will be insufficient performance of any dual-core processor).
For example, during normal operation (Internet, movies and undemanding games) speed of the system at a relatively low-cost dual-core Intel Core i3-4330 processor is a little different from the system at a much more expensive quad-core Intel Core i5-4430S. The difference can be noticed only in tests of heavy applications (eg, processing / conversion of video) and games at maximum quality settings (in the presence of powerful video card), and even then not always. If you do not plan to do on your computer such problems, then buy a more powerful (3-4-6-8-twentieth-core) processor is simply meaningless.
It would seem that the higher the frequency of the processor, the better it is, but in reality this is not always the case. For example, a dual-core Intel Celeron 1000M and Intel Atom D525 running at the same frequency of 1.8 GHz, but the first on the results of most tests 2-3 times faster, because the CPU speed depends on other factors. Therefore, the best indicator of the actual performance of a given processor are the results of tests.
If we analyze the results of tests of processors, we can conclude that at the end of 2016:
Often criticized in forums factory (BOX, boxed) cooling system and strongly recommend the use of third-party manufacturers. In fact, the boxed cooling systems are designed specifically for their processors, so have at least a good quality, low noise, and only the most powerful processors or acceleration necessary to install an improved cooling system. A possible reason for such frequent criticism boxed cooling system – an outdated motherboard BIOS, as very often it is updated after the CPU temperature falls to 5-12 degrees.
A feature of radiators for Intel processors are plastic clips, for which their design is often criticized because the installation (and especially in the case of re-installation) of the radiator into place, they often fail (usually inadvertently). Also, the heat sink design can contribute over time bending inexpensive motherboards CPU area, which can lead to malfunctions.
Design radiators for AMD processors, as can be seen in the image on the left is much better because it is more convenient, easier, more reliable and requires a rigid mounting on the motherboard, which makes it impossible to bend. However, there are single cases when the plastic lug of the radiator mount is not very high-quality motherboards breaks off.
Processors with integrated graphics (on a single chip is the processor itself and an additional graphics card) and made Intel, and AMD. Although graphics card as part of the cost of the processor is usually low (up to 20% of the total cost), but its performance even by today’s standards is sufficient for all applications except games at medium and maximum quality settings. Greater integration of the components entail less power consumption, less heat and expected higher reliability computer, so processors with integrated graphics are ideal for compact home multimedia centers, with initial purpose computers or gaming experience with the expectation of further modernization of the powerful video card.
Due to the fact that as a video memory used is not of DDR5, and slower operational DDR3 and DDR4 memory , the performance of the integrated graphics processor hybrid by definition can not be very high, and for the full-fledged gaming PCs still need gaming card at least average. If games at maximum quality settings do not plan to live on your computer, the budget is very limited, or in the future plans to upgrade the gaming graphics card, it is best to choose a processor with integrated graphics.
Until mid-2015 the performance of embedded graphics in the Intel processors allowed to call their entry level gaming only conditionally, because their performance was on average 30-70% lower than those in class graphics cards AMD processors, which could be called the game of the budget level. But now almost all of the new Intel processors in the LGA1151 socket has a very good graphics card HD Graphics 530, which is equal to or even superior to most graphics cards in AMD processors. At the present time (end of 2016), all embedded graphics in Intel and AMD processors cope perfectly well with non-gaming tasks, but with the games best cope integrated graphics card HD Graphics 530 in the Intel and Radeon R7 processors in AMD processors, and their performance is highly dependent from the frequency memory and its dual channel mode.
We motherboards with integrated (soldered) processors have a very significant advantages – a low price, small size, efficiency and silence in operation (when using SSD-drive and silent power supply), the latter being a factor at first seems unnatural, since most users are accustomed to more or less the noise of the system unit. The main purpose of such hybrid motherboards and processors – the basis for the office computer or HTPC (home media centers, which are usually used in tandem with a TV or monitor). Unfortunately, at the same time make the compact and noiseless cooling powerful processor is not possible, therefore, it is commonly used processors with a very modest performance. However, they allow you to work comfortably in the office programs, the internet, watch online / offline video and even play not only simple games such as “Zuma’s” or “Farm Frenzy”, but also heavier. Motherboards with integrated CPU:
The best embedded processors the end of 2016 the ratio of performance and price are Intel Celeron N3150 (for example, as part of the motherboard The C-N3150I the Asus ), J1900, J3160, and the Intel Pentium J2900 and N3700.
To simplify the choice of processors conventionally grouped into three groups and sorted by performance, and very important is the efficiency (the ratio of performance and price) – the higher it is, the better buy. Table processors are present only those models that have been on sale in mid-autumn 2016 in at least several of the studied shops; average prices are in Russian rubles for neboksirovannyh (without factory cooling system) processors and only need to determine the efficiency, in fact, prices may vary in different regions and countries, but the overall balance of price / performance of all processors from different vendors will be about the same. Availability and price data are taken from the popular price aggregators, and the results of tests of processors and embedded graphics performance – from the CPU the Benchmark , the GPU the Benchmark and other sources.
Very good processor with integrated graphics for an inexpensive cost of computers or quiet compact multimedia centers (office work, Internet, HD-Video). Built-in video, these processors are capable of pulling all simple games, and Intel G3900 and especially Intel G4500 – most modern games at the minimum, and sometimes higher quality settings;
Cheap AMD processors for supporters of budget computers (office work, Internet, HD-video, all simple and some modern games on the integrated graphics on the most minimal quality settings). Slower than Intel G1820 or G1840, but have a slightly faster graphics card and indecently low price.
Optimal 4-core processors for high-end gaming computers (games at maximum quality settings with the appropriate graphics card).
Very convenient 4-core processors for low-cost gaming computers (games at medium and maximum quality settings often if appropriate graphics card);
Very good and inexpensive 4-core hybrid processor (with integrated graphics) to a general purpose computer. His power is sufficient for all common tasks with a margin, and integrated graphics – for all modern games at the minimum and often medium quality settings;
Very fast processor for powerful gaming and specialized computers (games at maximum quality settings with the appropriate graphics, video processing, etc.);
Hot powerful 8-core processor for specialized computers (video processing etc.). Despite the presence of 8 cores, yet for gaming computers are better suited previous processors.
Extremely powerful 10-core processor, but with a very low ratio of performance and price. For comparison, its capacity is equal to the total capacity of only 11 ordinary cheap AMD A4-4000, when this price is higher by more than 70 times (it’s not a bug – seventy times)! To buy such an expensive and powerful processor makes sense only “for fun” or in order to spend at least somewhere decent amount of money, since the practical value of this purchase goes to zero.
How to choose a good processor – the big question, the answer to which you need to know when buying a new computer. As you can see, if you compile the results of tests and average prices, then choose the best processor for their money is a snap. But the processor – this is important, but is only just the beginning as to gather a good computer , you must still select other components (motherboard, graphics card , memory , etc.)