Each year, we test the new processors and graphics cards.They generally provide a higher level of performance, but also can expect new features and improvements in other areas. Especially interesting to watch the progress in the mobile segment. A few years ago, laptops seem a step backwards compared with desktop systems, but today they are rapidly approaching parity. This is especially true of new mobile graphics cards. Therefore, we decided to conduct a comparative test of mobile video cards in games.
Mobile graphics chip GeForce GTX family of 10 without the suffix “M” – the equivalent of desktop solutions?
One of the innovations of the current generation of chips on the architecture of the “Pascal” is in the GPU name. Instead of adding the suffix “M” (for example, GTX 960M or GTX 970M generation “Maxwell”), it was decided to completely abandon it. Therefore, in the case of chips “Pascal” we get a naming scheme that is identical to the desktop GPU.
But the notebook only limited cooling of chips, why NVIDIA had to cut back on the clock frequency. Yet here the decisive factor is energy consumption and corresponding heat dissipation. Due to the transition from 28-nm to 16-nm process technology NVIDIA has managed to improve the effectiveness of “Pascal” in comparison with the already highly economical predecessor, so we get a significantly lower value TDP while increasing productivity. The difference between desktop and mobile versions of the chips has become even less than before. In the case of GeForce GTX 1070 we received a small throttling base frequency, but other models decreased only Boost frequency.
NVIDIA went on such a step not only due to the fact that the smooth separation of desktop and mobile segment. The company wished to bring the performance of a mobile version of a desktop GPU. All this makes life easier for developers of games and applications. Indeed, the performance of any other generation of mobile video cards was not as close to the table the GPU, as the current architecture “Pascal”.
A few years ago, laptops inferior to CPU performance desktop computers, and the processor is usually soldered to the motherboard. But today, gaming laptops are increasingly equipped with conventional desktop processors without compromising performance.
One of the most popular benefits of desktop systems is to support overclocking and graphics cards. Now, however, it is not unique: thanks to technological advances and improved graphics processor power management systems, overclocking the processor and GPU in a laptop has become a reality. Compared with desktop overclocking even easier: no need to mess with the BIOS, many manufacturers offer utilities to perform overclocking directly under Windows. And even without rebooting the laptop. This approach allows to increase computing capacity when it is needed.
If you decide to choose a gaming laptop, it is unlikely to miss the new fashion in the virtual reality. Due to a significant increase in performance of mobile video cards, they, like many desktop version received certification “VR Ready”. Since the GTX 1060, you can enjoy a full immersion in VR on a laptop. However, not everything is so easy. In addition to pure performance issue arises interfaces. All modern laptops are equipped with HDMI, so there is no problem. But what to do with laptops that have limited the number of USB interfaces?Modern VR devices may take up to four USB ports simultaneously.
With the advent of modern glasses VR USB ports have become more significant. The new USB 3.1 standard can be found in all modern gaming notebooks. But be careful: the name of the USB 3.0 will no longer use the original USB 3.0 specification is now called USB 3.1 Gen1. A new USB 3.1 standard called USB 3.1 Gen2. The difference between the two generations lies in the rate. If Gen1 top speed of 5 Gbit / s, at the Gen2 standard, we get the speed up to 10 Gbit / s. In addition to pure performance standard USB Type C connector has another advantage. Unlike common sockets Type A, Type C new plugs can be inserted in any orientation. Not all cables are compatible with the Type C Gen2 standard. Some cables are designed for Gen1, so you get the speed and the corresponding specifications.
Relatively recently presented video frame rate and frequency synchronization technology refresh the display. If the frequencies do not match, the unpleasant effects of the frame gap may appear. NVIDIA G-Sync technology is available in many models of notebooks with graphics cards GeForce GTX 10.
A few years ago, IPS panels remained the prerogative of the enthusiasts with a big budget.They provide much better color reproduction and wider viewing angles compared to TN panels. But today, IPS technology has been widely used in notebook computers. Even the entry-level models are already equipped with the IPS panels.
By resolution of the display laptops markedly progressed. For nearly ten years, the resolution 1.920 x 1.080 pixels considered marginal. However, even today, many gamers prefer to Full-HD. But many of the games, like “The Witcher 3” appear in the resolution of 4K just great. And in 2016 a similar resolution can be enjoyed in the notebook segment without any compromises.
The latest innovation in notebooks regards displays with refresh rate of 120 Hz. These laptops were behind desktop displays with high refresh rates. Compared with the conventional frequency of 60 Hz, 120 Hz displays give a much more smooth image without artifacts. It has no problems typical of a conventional vertical sync. In combination with G-Sync technology, this is great for games. Laptops with 120Hz displays are available in the mass market in the fourth quarter of this year.
Excellent option to upgrade! The modern form factor M.2 provides significant space savings compared to traditional 2.5-inch drives. If SSD M.2 uses SATA protocol, we get only an advantage to its compact size. But if M.2 slot and the drive supports connection via PCIe and NVMe line protocol, then you can get a significant increase in data rate.Instead of a maximum of 550 MB / s in practice can speed up to 3,200 MB / s. Some laptops use a RAID array with two M.2 SSD.
Modern laptops should please not only technically advanced filling, but also stylish appearance. Ten years ago, laptop computers were boxy and boring devices of black or gray plastic. Thanks to improvements on the CPU and GPU efficiency, space savings due to the transition to SSD M.2, the abandonment of the optical drive and to improve the overall design of the notebook, today we get a completely different device: thin and high quality notebooks. 15.6-inch gaming model with Intel Core i7 and GTX 1070 is relatively compact. Besides durable plastic manufacturers widely used noble textured aluminum.Note and almost mandatory backlight keyboard laptop and other items.